Civil engagement in urban planning highlighted in Peer Review Tour to Jakarta

A research group represented by Dr. Teguh Kurniawan, Associate Professor of Faculty of Administrative Sciences, University of Indonesia, and Ms. Patralekha Chatterjee, a senior urban journalist from the magazine Citiscope, visited Jakarta, Indonesia, from Sept 3 to 6, to draw on the city’s experiences in urban planning.

Officials from the secretariat of United Cities and Local Governments Asia-Pacific (UCLG-ASPAC) and a staff member of the Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation (Guangzhou Award) also joined this peer review tour.

Jakarta’s Participatory Planning and Good Governance, an initiative focusing on a participatory society placing people in the main role of a city’s development, added Jakarta, Indonesia into the 15 shortlisted cities in the third cycle of Guangzhou Award in 2016.

The research group was briefed on Jakarta’s community involvement in urban planning during discussions and exchanges with officials at the Regional Development Planning Agency of Jakarta Capital City Government, Smart City Department, and the E-Musrenbang system developer. They also gained a close-up view of the specific processes and development trends of the initiative.


A research group from the Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation meets with the Smart City Department for Participatory Planning and Good Governance initiative, in Jakarta, Indonesia, on Sept 4. [Photo provided to]

During their four-day field trip, the research group also visited community in the city’s sub-district, and carried out a mini workshop to capture updated information and first-hand data regarding the initiative, by meeting with representative of local official, community leader and local resident, and provide their suggestions on how to improve the scheme. In addition, a transitional participatory planning submitted by Christchurch in New Zealand, the winning city of the 2014 Guangzhou Award, and Guangzhou’s successful experience on rural planning project were also shared as case studies in the workshop.



In Jakarta, solving problems with new tech tools and people power

How Indonesia’s biggest megacity is making it easier for residents to make their wants and needs heard.

In Jakarta, solving problems with new tech tools and people power

Jakarta residents can now use their smartphones to report broken street lamps and other problems that need fixing. It’s part of a broader push to use technology to engage residents in urban planning. (Kzenon/Shutterstock)
 JAKARTA, Indonesia — Jakarta often appears in photographs as a teeming metropolis awash with honking motor bikes, buses and cars snarled in traffic. Then there are the deadly floods that frequently befall this megacity of more than 10 million people.

But defying the clichés that surround it, the capital city of Indonesia also is beginning to earn its spurs in urban innovations. What is generating a lot of interest across the country and beyond is web-based planning mechanisms that involve residents in local government’s decision-making process. Citizens are becoming engaged in identifying the city’s most pressing problems and proposing solutions.

Some of Jakarta’s tech tools may sound familiar in other cities. For example, thousands of residents are using Qlue, a smartphone app that lets users snap a picture of uncollected garbage or a broken street lamp, and report it to local authorities. Like “311” services in the United States or Seoul’s “smart complaint” app, Qlue gives citizens an immediate way to tell authorities what needs fixing.

But other solutions are more particular to Jakarta, and seek to engage residents in deeper, long-term questions about the future of their city. One strategy mixes face-to-face meetings at the local level where residents can propose new ideas to city officials, and uses a web-based platform to track whether authorities are delivering on them. Any city resident with a valid city identification card known as a Jakarta ID can propose an idea through the system.

I recently had a chance to see some of these tools and talk to urban planners, community leaders and ordinary citizens about them as part of an international study tour. The city’s participatory planning strategy was one of 15 programmes acknowledged last year by the Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation. A delegation of Asian city leaders and experts visited to learn lessons from Jakarta Smart City, a government agency that partners with the private sector and NGOs on these approaches.

[See: Inside the Guangzhou Award for Urban Innovation]

What we saw was a megacity that hasn’t solved all of its myriad woes, but is well on its way to a new bottom-up formula to work at it. Citizen engagement is now seen here as crucial to improving services, improving transparency in government and holding local leaders accountable.

The public’s priorities

The word you hear all the time when you listen to city planners here is musrenbang. It’s the local word for community meetings that happen at the level of Jakarta’s 44 districts and 2,726 sub-districts. These forums have become a primary path for citizens to express concerns and demand better services for their neighbourhoods.

For communities who historically have had little say in local decision-making, merely having a forum for residents to make suggestions directly to local officials represents something of a breakthrough. However, their recommendations often get lost in the city bureaucracy afterward. Residents would have little way of knowing if the city was working on their idea or rejecting it.

Regional planning head Tuty Kusumawati says most proposals put forward by residents through the e-musrenbang process are accepted and funded. (Patralekha Chatterjee)

So city leaders added a digital component to the process, known as e-musrenbang. Proposals decided upon at the local-level meetings are submitted to city government through the web-based application. It’s the repository of aspirations residents have for their communities — in 2016, Jakarta city government received more than 46,000 proposals from the public.

The platform is also a tracking mechanism, so that the public can easily check on the progress of their suggestions. If the proposal is rejected, local officials must give a reason why. According to Tuty Kusumawati, head of Jakarta’s Regional Development Planning Board, 76 percent of the proposals from the community are accepted, validated and funded for implementation.

This bottom-up process works alongside the more traditional top-down planning and budgeting systems driven by local government agencies, says Andhika Ajie, a planner and analyst with the Province of Jakarta Special Capital Region. “The head of the sub-district should know the real needs of the people,” he says. “The proposals are verified by the sub-district and then the district authorities. The idea is to combine technocratic planning by municipalities with citizens’ ideas.”

According to Ajie, having the Qlue app as a separate platform for handling day-to-day complaints has helped improve the dialogue between residents and planners.

“Previously, citizens used to submit proposals which combined complaints needing immediate redress with long-term demands,” he says. “Now we have separated it. Qlue deals with complaints and the proposals are fed into e-muserenbang. If there is garbage lying around somewhere, all that a Jakartan has to do is to click a photo and report it. Within 24 hours, it will be removed.”

Tracking progress

In Cipete Utara, a middle-class neighbourhood in South Jakarta, residents and community leaders generally offered a positive assessment of the changes.

“The most interesting part of e-musrenbang is that now we can actually track online the status of our community proposals,” says Yostiana Bella Ulfa, 25, who has lived in Cipete Utara all her life. “If any suggestion is refused, we are also told the reasons. If it has been accepted, we can track various stages of implementation.”

Community leader Iyus Ruslan Said: Roads, sewers and infrastructure “are on top of the mind of most people.” (Patralekha Chatterjee)

She says she was “thrilled” recently when a proposal from the neighbourhood committee to fix a number of streets pocked with potholes was acted upon quickly. “In Jakarta, we use motorcycles a lot, especially in narrow lanes,” Ulfa says. “Commuting becomes a big problem if the lanes are badly in need of repair.”

Yostiana’s father, Iyus Ruslan Said, a 50-year old businessman, heads the local neighbourhood committee. He says e-musrenbang has been helpful in communicating and tracking the progress on the community’s main demands, which relate to repairs of roads, sewers and other infrastructure. “These physical bottlenecks are on top of the mind of most people,” he says.

However, older residents and many community leaders are still trying to adapt to technology, he says. Much more needs to be done to spread awareness of the e-musrenbang process. “The sudden change has been a cultural shock,” according to Said, “because there is a big difference between the process earlier and now.”

[See: How this Indonesian city’s first female mayor is reducing waste and boosting citizen engagement]

Mohammed Yohan, head of the Cipete Utara Sub-District, agrees that it has been a change. But in his view, it’s largely a change for the better.

“Earlier, it was more difficult to track status of proposals to the city government,” he recalls. “We have seen angry community members throwing chairs, frustrated at not knowing the status of some proposals made for benefit of the community. Now any citizen with a Jakarta IDcard can track proposals in real time. It is the culture of open data.”

Spreading awareness

Participatory urban planning in Jakarta is not just about technology. It’s also about finding new ways to tap resources and energy in the community.

In Cipete Utara, the sub-district office sits alongside a preschool. Recently, PT. Agung Sedayu, a real estate development company, turned the area next door into a park for children and an activity centre offering classes from dancing to drawing. There’s a small library, three toilets, a lactation room, basketball court and small amphitheatre. The project was part of the company’s corporate social responsibility efforts. It is maintained by the company and the local community.

Planner Andhika Ajie: “The idea is to combine technocratic planning … with citizens’ ideas.” (Patralekha Chatterjee)

Inside the complex is something called a “waste bank”. Residents drop off old newspapers, plastic bottles and other trash, and 120 women volunteers who work here turn the waste into toys and craft items.

“Every three months, I hold meetings with mothers who drop by and other volunteers,” says Sri Hastuti Sugiyono, the waste bank’s director. “We discuss what sort of products we should make out of the trash — and which would sell.”

Citizens are the ones who proposed these new facilities, says Yohan. Because the ideas rose up through a participatory process involving not just residents but the private sector and local NGOs, the company and the community found a way to pitch in and make it happen.

Teguh Kurniawan, an associate professor at the University of Indonesia, says the most interesting part of Jakarta’s approach is the direct participation of citizens. “The challenge now,” he says, “is in spreading awareness about the benefits of these innovative measures, spreading the message among the public at large and ensuring that community leaders adapt to technology.”

[See: How Boston gives youth control over part of the city budget]

Kurniawan adds that it’s important to recognize that access to technology and internet connectivity is not uniform across the city — especially in poorer neighbourhoods, there will be teething problems. In addition, since e-musrenbang requires a Jakarta ID to submit proposals, a large number of transient residents aren’t able to use it.

At the same time, Kurniawan notes that Jakarta’s population is mostly literate and that these innovations have great potential to positively impact the daily lives of most city residents.

A play area outside a preschool was built by a private company after community members requested it through the e-musrenbang process. (Patralekha Chatterjee)

For tech-savvy younger residents, Qlue is an especially big hit. The app, launched in 2014, came about through a partnership between the municipal government and a local software company.

With Qlue, more and more Jakartans are reporting problems that occur in their neighbourhood in real time by clicking a photo, geo-tagging the location, offering a brief status report. People without smartphones can use SMS.

Yohan points to a street lamp nearby as an example of an improvement suggested through all of Jakarta’s new feedback tools. Using Qlue, lots of residents complained of dark alleys that made them feel unsafe. Using e-musrenbang, they asked for more street lamps — the city has installed more than 600 street lamps in Cipete Utara through that process.

“It was proposed, accepted and implemented,” Yohan says. “In all, there were 119 proposals from residents of this sub-district. All but one were accepted.”

(Travel costs associated with reporting for this story were paid for by the Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation.)

Source: In Jakarta, solving problems with new tech tools and people power

My Doctoral Defense

On June 15, 2017, I successfully defended my dissertation in an open examination of doctoral promotion of the Universitas Indonesia led by the Dean of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences. In the defense, I presented my dissertation entitled “Isu Diskresi dalam Kasus Korupsi Kepala Daerah yang Ditangani oleh Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi pada Periode 2004-2010 dan Telah Memiliki Kekuatan Hukum Tetap” or “Issues on Discretion in Corruption Case by Head of Regions that Handled by the Corruption Eradication Commission in 2004-2010 and have permanent legal force” The dissertation summary in Bahasa Indonesia can be accessed here

Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) dan Peranannya dalam Pemberantasan Korupsi: Pembelajaran untuk Indonesia

Ini adalah artikel lama saya yang ditulis pada tahun 2011.

Abstrak. Hong Kong merupakan contoh terbaik di dunia yang berhasil mentransformasikan diri dari korupsi yang merajalela di tahun 1960an menjadi pemerintahan yang bersih di tahun 1970an. Hong Kong berhasil mempertahankan peringkat yang konsisten sebagai salah satu wilayah “terbersih” di dunia sejak 1980 dan bertahan selama beberapa dekade. Keberhasilan ICAC dalam menjadikan Hong Kong seperti sekarang telah menjadikannya sebagai model peran dari badan anti korupsi yang paling efektif dan ingin ditiru oleh banyak negara di dunia. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk menggambarkan bagaimana ICAC berperan dalam pemberantasan korupsi di Hong Kong; faktor-faktor yang menjadi penentu keberhasilan ICAC; serta pembelajaran yang dapat diambil oleh Indonesia, terkait dengan keberadaan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK). Untuk mencapai tujuan yang diinginkan, tulisan ini mengandalkan kepada data dan informasi dari berbagai dokumen dan literatur yang relevan. Dari berbagai data dan informasi tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa upaya Hong Kong untuk menjadikan wilayahnya sebagai salah satu wilayah yang bebas korupsi bukanlah tanpa upaya dan hambatan. ICAC dapat membawa Hong Kong pada kondisi sekarang melalui dukungan politik yang kuat dari pemerintah dan masyarakatnya. Selain itu, ICAC memiliki strategi yang terencana, terpadu, holistik dan konsisten sehingga dapat berkontribusi secara signifikan dalam mengubah budaya korupsi yang ada pada masyarakat Hong Kong.

Keywords: Hong Kong ICAC, Pemberantasan Korupsi, KPK


Ini tautan untuk full artikelnya: Hong Kong ICAC – 2011

Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi – Uji Publik RUU SPIP, Pemerintah Ingin Perkuat Peran APIP dan Bangun Sinergitas Antar Pengawas

JAKARTA – Rancangan Undang-Undang Sistem Pengawas Internal Pemerintah (RUU SPIP) dinilai memiliki urgensi mendesak untuk memperkuat peran Aparat Pengawasan Intern Pemerintah (APIP) serta meningkatkan sinergitas antara internal auditor dan eksternal auditor. Hal tersebut dikarenakan permasalahan pengawasan terhadap keuangan dan kinerja pemerintah masih belum berjalan dengan optimal.

Mengingat pentingnya pembahasan RUU SPIP, Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi (PANRB) melakukan uji publik terhadap draft RUU tersebut untuk menghimpun masukan sebelum menjadi Undang-Undang. Uji publik terhadap RUU SPIP tersebut dilaksanakan di Kantor Kementerian PANRB, Rabu (21/09) dan dihadiri oleh Deputi Bidang Reformasi Birokrasi, Akuntabilitas Aparatur dan Pengawasan Kementerian PANRB M. Yusuf Ateh, Kepala Direktorat Utama Bidang Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Hukum BPK Nizam Burhanuddin, Itjen Kementerian Keuangan Kiagus Ahmad Badaruddin, Itjen Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Andha Fauzie Miraza, serta akademisi dari Unversitas Indonesia, Teguh Kurniawan dan Sony Maulanas sebagai pembicara.

Deputi Pengawasan Instansi Pemerintah Bidang Polhukam BPKP, Binsar H. Simanjuntak, mengatakan bahwa penguatan APIP dirasa sangat perlu dilakukan dengan menegaskannya dalam Undang-Undang. “Kita merasa perlu ada suatu pengaturan terhadap pengawas internal yang ada di Indonesia melalui RUU SPIP ini. Tujuannya untuk memberikan manfaat kepada masyarakat,” katanya.

Menurutnya, Undang-Undang SPIP tersebut nantinya harus bisa menegaskan peran dan fungsi pengawas internal secara jelas. Seorang pengawas internal harus mampu melaporkan sesuatu terkait dengan masalah keuangan dan mengungkapkannya serta mendorong tindaklanjutnya. “Seorang pengawas internal atau auditor akan disebut independen kalau memiliki keahlian untuk melihat sesuatu hal, kemudian melaporkannya,” ujarnya.

Senada dengan Binsar, Kepala Direktorat Utama Bidang Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Hukum BPK, Nizam Burhanuddin juga mengungkapkan pentingnya RUU SPIP agar menjadi landasan hukum yang komperhensif. Selain itu, penguatan peran APIP akan memberikan implikasi kepada BPK melalui rekomendasi yang diberikan APIP untuk menjadi pertimbangan dalam melakukan pemeriksaan.

“Dalam melakukan pemeriksaan, BPK dapat menggunakan hasil pemeriksaan APIP sesuai dengan ketentuan Undang-Undang. Hasil pemeriksaan APIP akan digunakan sebagai rekomendasi yang bisa dilakukan untuk penekanan,” kata Nizam.

Namun demikian, Nizam juga menekankan bahwa penyelarasan RUU SPIP yang mengatur tugas dan wewenang APIP dengan peraturan perundang-undangan mengenai pemeriksaan pengelolaan dan tanggung jawab keuangan negara harus dilakukan secara benar agar tidak terjadi standar ganda. “Jangan sampai ada standar ganda yang bisa merugikan. Sinkronisasi pengawasan internal pada lembaga negara dan pengawasan pada lingkungan eksekutif juga harus memperhatikan independensi pelaksanaan tugas masing-masing,” tegasnya.

Sementara Itjen Kementerian Keuangan Kiagus Ahmad Badaruddin, lebih menekankan aspek akuntabilitas sebagai masukan dalam RUU SPIP. Menurutnya, akuntabilitas instansi pemerintah harus menjadi salah satu dasar penyusunan RUU tersebut.

Deputi Bidang Reformasi Birokrasi, Akuntabilitas Aparatur, dan Pengawasan Kementerian PANRB, M. Yusuf Ateh, menjelaskan bahwa RUU SPIP tersebut memiliki urgensi yang penting karena peran APIP selama ini masih dianggap belum efektif dan optimal. Oleh karena itu, reformasi pengawas internal harus dilakukan melalui Undang-Undang SPIP.
“Reformasi pengawas internal akan terasa dengan adanya Undang-Undang SPIP ini. Banyak sekali APIP yang tidak berfungsi dengan baik,” kata Ateh.

Ateh menjelaskan tiga permasalahan utama yang dihadapi pengawas internal pada saat ini yaitu masalah independensi, profesionalisme, dan masalah komunikasi antara pengawas internal dan pengawas eksternal. “Tiga hal inilah yang menyebabkan pengawas internal tidak kompeten dan efektif hasilnya, sehingga harus ada satu persepsi yang sama soal tugas dan fungsi pengawas internal dan kami ingin menjadi penampung dalam hal pengawas internal ini,” katanya. (ris/HUMAS MENPANRB)

Source: Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi – Uji Publik RUU SPIP, Pemerintah Ingin Perkuat Peran APIP dan Bangun Sinergitas Antar Pengawas

Opini tentang Reklamasi di Jakarta

kompas 1 desember 2015

Kompas hari ini pada halaman pertama (1 Desember 2015) diantaranya membahas tentang Reklamasi di Jakarta.

Dari konteks manajemen perkotaan plus koordinasi lintas pemerintah maka beberapa hal patut dikomentari:

1. Bagaimana RTRW darat harus berpadu dengan rencana zonasi wilayah pesisir dan pulau-pulau kecil (RZWP3K) di DKI jakarta. Apakah DKI sudah ada? Sepertinya belum, padahal 2 rencana ini sangat terkait dan tidak bisa dipisahkan satu sama lain

2. Koordinasi lintas pemerintah pusat dan daerah. Kawasan utara jakarta adalah kawasan strategis nasional. Maka peran pusat dan daerah menjadi urgen

3. Pengambilan kebijakan reklamasi utara jakarta apakah sudah mengikuti pola pengambilan kebijakan yang tepat dan berbasis data atau kondisi faktual. Jangan hanya mengikuti prosedur formal tapi juga aspek materialnya lebih penting lagi

4. Apakah pemerintah sudah menetapkan prioritas penggunaan ruang di jakarta. Tergantung pada kebijakan jangka panjang. Jakarta sebagai pusat perdagangan dan lalu lintas sebagai poros maritim misalnya. Berarti penggunaan ruang harus prioritas untuk infrastruktur pelabuhan. Jangan dikompetisikan untuk marina dan property. Sebab jika demikian maka ruang yang terbatas akan semakin terdegradasi

5. Sudah sepatutnya setiap kebijakan pemerintah memperhatikan hak-hak masyarakat luas. bukan hanya elit masyarakat. betul jakarta harus jadi kota modern tapi sudah seharusnya juga punya ciri khas…disini daya enterpreneurship pemda diuji

6. Proses pengambilan kebijakan reklamasi ini sudah seharusnya bebas kepentingan kelompok tertentu (yang serakah) yang menghalalkan segala cara termasuk praktek-praktek KKN. agar kebijakan yang diambil clear.

7.moral hazard dan asimetri informasi harua diminimalisir. Saatnya mendorong transparansi dan akuntabilitas. Termasuk mengukur dengan tepat eksternalitas ekonomi, sosial, lingkungan dan bahkan politik dalam pengambilan kebijakan reklamasi. Mulai dari perencanaan, perizinan, pelaksanaan sampai pada pengawasan dan pengendalian


Below are my list of publications and the link for downloading it. You can also download my publications from


  1. Kurniawan, Teguh, Ima Mayasari & Umniah Salsabila Prasojo, 2018, Hutan Privat di Indonesia: Belajar dari Pengalaman “Hutan Organik” Megamendung, Depok: FIA UI Press, ISBN: 9786025308734
  2. ASEAN and Asia Studies Center (AASC), National Institute of Development Administration (NIDA) Thailand, 2015, Comparative Politics in ASEAN, Bangkok: Semadhama Publishing House. ISBN: 9789742319014
  3. Prasojo, Eko dkk, 2015, Pemerintahan Daerah, Buku Materi Pokok, Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka (Regional Government). ISBN: 9789790119987
  4. Prasojo, Eko, 2010, Dampak Desentralisasi terhadap Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Alam dan Kerusakan Lingkungan, Depok, Departemen Ilmu Administrasi FISIP UI (The Impact of Decentralization on the Utilization of Natural Resources and Environmental Degradation). ISBN: 9786029594331
  5. Wibawa, Samodara (Editor), 2009, Administrasi Negara: Isu-Isu Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu. ISBN: 9789797565015
  6. Sumarno (Editor), 2009, Perempuan di Lembaga Legislatif: Panduan Bagi Perempuan Menjadi Anggota Legislatif, Jakarta: The Habibie Center and Hanns Seidel Foundation (Women in Legislative Institutions: Guidance for Women when Become Legislative Member). ISBN: 9789791255110
  7. Prasojo, Eko, Irfan Ridwan Maksum, Epakartika, and Teguh Kurniawan, 2007, Deregulasi & Debirokratisasi Perizinan di Indonesia, Depok: Departemen Ilmu Administrasi FISIP UI (Deregulation & De-bureaucratization of Permits in Indonesia). ISBN: 9789791728614
  8. Prasojo, Eko, Teguh Kurniawan, and Defny Holidin, 2007, State Reform in Indonesia, Depok Administrative Sciences Department Faculty of Social and Political Sciences University of Indonesia. ISBN: 9789791728607
  9. Prasojo, Eko, Teguh Kurniawan and Defny Holidin, 2007, Reformasi & Inovasi Birokrasi: Studi di Kabupaten Sragen, Jakarta: Yappika & Departemen Ilmu Administrasi FISIP UI, (Bureaucratic Reform & Innovation: Case Study in Regency of Sragen). ISBN: 9789791158206
  10. Prasojo, Eko, dkk, 2007, Pemerintahan Daerah, Buku Materi Pokok, Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka (Regional Government). ISBN: 979011110X
  11. Kurniawan, Teguh (editor), 2006, Kinerja Pelayanan Publik: Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Kinerja, Keterlibatan dan Partisipasi dalam Pelayanan Bidang Pendidikan, Kesehatan dan Kependudukan, Jakarta: Yappika, (Public Services Performance: Community Perception on Performance, Involvement and Participation in Education, Health and Population Administration System Sectors). ISBN: 9791158118
  12. Prasojo, Eko, Irfan Ridwan Maksum and Teguh Kurniawan, 2006, Desentralisasi & Pemerintahan Daerah: Antara Model Demokrasi Lokal dan Efisiensi Struktural, Depok: Departemen Ilmu Administrasi FISIP UI (Decentralization & Local Governance: Between Local Democracy and Structural Efficiency Models). ISBN: 9799918413
  13. Prasojo, Eko, Teguh Kurniawan & Azwar Hasan, 2004, Reformasi Birokrasi dalam Praktek: Kasus di Kabupaten Jembrana, Depok: Pusat Kajian Pembangunan Administrasi Daerah dan Kota (Bureaucratic Reformation in Practices: A Case from the Regency of Jembrana). ISBN: 9799898501. Available at: Buku Jembrana

Journal Articles

  1. Kurniawan, Teguh, Muh Azis Muslim & Eko Sakapurnama, “Regulatory impact assessment and its challenges: An empirical analysis from Indonesia”. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences (Scopus Indexed, ISSN: 2452-3151), Vol. 39, No. 1, January-April 2018, pp 105-108. Available at
  2. Kurniawan, Teguh & Fibria Indriati, “Introduction: Collaborative Governance in Dynamic Public-Private-Society Relations to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals”, Development and Society (Scopus Indexed, ISSN: 1598-8074), Vol. 46, No. 3, December 2017, pp 421-426. Available at
  3. Kurniawan, Teguh, Eko Prasojo & Gunadi, “Corruptive Behavior of the Heads of Local Governments in Indonesia”, Halduskultuur / Administrative Culture (Scopus Indexed, ISSN: 1736-6070, E-ISSN: 1736-6089), Vol. 18, No. 1, 2017, pp 73-87. Available at
  4. Ndaru, Felix Aglen & Teguh Kurniawan, “Corporate Social Responsibility Partnership to Alleviate Poverty in Kulon Progo Regency”, Bisnis & Birokrasi (Journal Business & Bureaucracy, ISSN: 0854-3844), Vol. 22, No. 3, September 2015, pp 145-155. Available at
  5. Santoso, Tulus & Teguh Kurniawan, “Analisis Kinerja Bagian Pengaduan Masyarakat Sekretariat Jenderal DPR RI” (Performance Analysis of Public Complaints Sections of General Secretary of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia), Mimbar (ISSN: 028-175, EISSN 2303-2499), Vol. 31, No. 1, Juni 2015, pp 167-176. Available at
  6. Zakiyah, Isnaeni Nur & Teguh Kurniawan, “Kajian Pembangunan Pariwisata Pantai suwuk Kabupaten Kebumen ditinjau dari Partisipasi Masyarakat: Studi pada Masyarakat Dukuh Suwuk Desa Tambakmulya” (Tourism Development in Suwuk Beach Regency of Kebumen from the Perspectives on Citizen Participation: Study on Citizen of Suwuk Hamlet of Tambakmulya Village), Pariwisata (Tourism, Scientific Journal, ISSN: 1411-1527), Vol. 19, No. 2 Juli 2014, Available at
  7. Asterina, Nina & Teguh Kurniawan, “The Policy Implementation of Modern Market Land-Use Control in Municipality of Cirebon”, Bisnis & Birokrasi (Journal Business & Bureaucracy, ISSN: 0854-3844), Vol. 20, No. 3 September 2013, pp 137-143. Available at:
  8. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Paradoks Implementasi Good Governance Dalam Pelaksanaan Program Inovasi Daerah: Kasus di Kota Parepare” (Paradox in the Implementation of Good Governance on Regional Innovation Program: Case in Municipality of Parepare), Analisis CSIS (ISSN: 1829-5908), Vol. 42, No. 1, Maret 2013, pp 131-160 (English version of this article)
  9. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Peranan Akuntabilitas Publik dan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pemberantasan Korupsi di Pemerintahan: Perspektif Teoritis” (The Role of Public Accountability and Citizen Participation on Eradication of Corruption at Governments: Theoretical Perspectives), Bisnis & Birokrasi (Journal Business & Bureaucracy, ISSN: 0854-3844), Vol. 16, No. 2 Mei 2009, pp 112-116. Available at:
  10. Kurniawan, Teguh, “After the 2009 Election: Some Suggestions to Improve Capacity of Regional Government Apparatus in SBY-Boediono Administration”, PostScript (ISSN: 2087-1619), Vol. VI, No. 4, July-August 2009, pp 17-23
  11. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Pergeseran Paradigma Administrasi Publik: Dari Perilaku Model Klasik dan NPM ke Good Governance” (Shifting Paradigm in Public Administration: From Classical Model Behaviour and NPM to Good Governance), Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Negara—JIANA (Public Administration Journal, ISSN: 1411-948X), Vol. 7, No. 1 Januari 2007, pp 52-70
  12. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Masalah dan Tantangan dalam Pengelolaan Jakarta: Aspek Populasi, Ruang Muka Bumi dan Infrastruktur Kota” (Problems and Challenge in Managing Jakarta: Population, Land Space and City Infrastructure Aspects), Bisnis & Birokrasi (Journal Business & Bureaucracy, ISSN: 0854-3844), Vol. XIV, No. 4 December 2006, pp 732-743
  13. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Kepemerintahan Kawasan Metropolitan: Sumbangan Pemikiran untuk Revisi UU 34/1999” (Metropolitan Governance: Critical Though for Revision of law 34/1999), Jurnal Industri dan Perkotaan (Journal of Industry and Urban, ISSN: 1410-3575), Vol. X, No. 18, August 2006, pp 1188-1207. Available at:
  14. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Perbaikan Pelayanan Publik di Era Otonomi: Antara Harapan dan Kenyataan” (Improvement of Public Services in the Era of Local Autonomy: between Hope and Reality), Aliansi (ISSN: 1412-5927), Media for Strengthening Civil Society published by YAPPIKA Foundation, Vol. 27, No. XXXI, January 2006
  15. Prasojo, Eko & Teguh Kurniawan., “Bebas Iuran Sekolah dan JKJ: Inovasi Pro Masyarakat Miskin di Jembrana” (No School Fee and Jembrana Health Insurance: Innovation Pro Poor Community in Jembrana), Paper, submitted in Research Competition on Poverty 2004 held by World Bank Jakarta Office and selected as top 10 papers (finalists). This article also published in Jurnal PSPK (Journal of Development Areas Study Center, ISSN: 1412-3479), VIII edition, 2006, pp 100-135 
  16. Prasojo, Eko, Teguh Kurniawan & Azwar Hasan, “Efisiensi Anggaran Sebagai Faktor Kunci Keberhasilan Pelaksanaan Program Inovasi di Kabupaten Jembrana” (Budget Efficiency as Key Success Factor in the Implementation of Innovation Program in the Regency of Jembrana), Administrasi Publik (Public Administration Journal, ISSN: 1978-7243), published by Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Brawijaya University, Vol. V, No. 2, March-August 2005, pp 77-189 
  17. Prasojo, Eko, Teguh Kurniawan & Azwar Hasan, “Peran Kepemimpinan dalam Program Inovasi Daerah: Studi Kasus Kabupaten Jembrana” (The Role of Leadership in the Local Innovation Program: A Case Study from Regency of Jembrana), Bisnis & Birokrasi (Journal Business & Bureaucracy, ISSN: 0854-3844), Vol. XII, No. 3 September 2004, pp 52-60 
  18. Kurniawan, Teguh., “Manajemen Kota Berkelanjutan di Indonesia: Indikator dalam Upaya Mengembangkan Kebijakan Kota Berkelanjutan oleh Pemerintah Kota di Indonesia: Studi Kasus pada Kota Depok, Bogor, dan Bandung” (Sustainable City Management in Indonesia: Indicators for Developing Sustainable City Policies by Municipality Governments in Indonesia: a Case Study from Municipalities of Depok, Bogor, and Bandung), Bisnis & Birokrasi (Journal Business & Bureaucracy, ISSN: 0854-3844), Vol. XI, No. 1 January 2003, pp 28-36

Publications on Social Science Research Networks (SSRN)

  1. Asterina, Nina and Teguh Kurniawan, The Policy Implementation of Modern Market Land-Use Control in Municipality of Cirebon (March 17, 2015). Available at SSRN:
  2. Kurniawan, Teguh, Regional Governments, Good Governance and Corruption Eradication in Indonesia (December 25, 2012). Available at SSRN: or
  3. Kurniawan, Teguh, ICT Development and Regional Governments Transparency in Indonesia: Some Issues and Prospects (October 23, 2011). EROPA 2011, Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration, 23rd General Assembly and Conference, October 2011. Available at SSRN:

Conference Papers and Presentations

  1. Kurniawan, Teguh, Ima Mayasari & Umniah Salsabila Prasojo “Private forest as a model in critical land reconstruction in upstream area, Indonesia”, International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC) 2018: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation-Learning from the Past for Sustainable Strategy Development, Surakarta, 27-28 November 2018, published in IOP: Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Scopus Indexed), Volume 200, page 012051, Available at
  2. Kurniawan, Teguh, “E-Musrenbang as A Means in Increasing Community Participation in Development Planning in Indonesia: Its Challenges and Obstacle”, The 2018 AAPA Annual Conference – Reinventing Public Administration in a Globalized World: A Non-Western Perspective, Yogyakarta, 22-23 March 2018, published in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, volume 191, page 12-18, Available at
  3. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Combating climate change through community participation in preserving the environment: a case from Hutan Organik (Organic Forest), Megamendung”, The 3rd International Symposium for Sustainable Landscape Development: Urban Resilience, Bogor 14-15 November 2017, published in IOP: Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Scopus Indexed), Volume 179, page 012033, Available at
  4. Lestari, Dian Erna Priharsetyo & Teguh Kurniawan, “Community participation in upgrading slum area: study of the implementation of “Kampung Deret” in Petogogan, Jakarta”, The 3rd International Symposium for Sustainable Landscape Development: Urban Resilience, Bogor 14-15 November 2017, published in IOP: Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Scopus Indexed), Volume 179, page 012032, Available at
  5. Kurniawan, Teguh, Eko Prasojo & Gunadi, “Ignorance of regulation as one of the causes of head of regions corruption in Indonesia”, The 1st International Conference on Administrative Science, Policy, and Governance Studies (ICASPGS 2017): Promoting Collaborative Governance in Dynamic Public-Private-Society Relations to Ensure the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals, Depok, 30-31 October 2017, published in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, volume 167, page 102-106, Available at
  6. Anggariani, Ditri Andita, Teguh Kurniawan & Defny Holidin, “Whistleblowing System in Indonesia’s Directorate General of Tax”, The 1st International Conference on Administrative Science, Policy, and Governance Studies (ICASPGS 2017): Promoting Collaborative Governance in Dynamic Public-Private-Society Relations to Ensure the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals, Depok, 30-31 October 2017,  published in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, volume 167, page 54-60, Available at
  7. Kurniawan, Teguh, “The future of climate change policy by provincial government in Indonesia: a study on the vision and mission of elected governors in 2017 election”, International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC) 2017: Challenges and Opportunity on Environment Degradation Research, Surakarta, 24-26 October 2017, published in IOP: Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Scopus Indexed), Volume 129, page 012039, Available at
  8. Kurniawan, Teguh, Eko Prasojo & Gunadi, “Existence of Discretion in the Corruption Case of the Head of Regions that Handled by Corruption Eradication Commission in the Period 2004-2010”, The 2nd Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities (APRiSH): Culture and Society for Local and Global Sustainable Development, Depok, 27-29 September 2017
  9. Kurniawan, Teguh, ” Mal administration in granting environmental permits and its impact on environmental risks in Indonesia”, The 3rd Humboldt Kolleg in Indonesia, International Collaboration of ASEAN Reserachers: The Rise of ASEAN and Strategic Partnership in Understanding the Complexity and Collective Phenomena in Emergent Societies, Jakarta, Indonesia, 24-26 July 2017
  10. Kurniawan, Teguh & Rudiarto Sumarwono, “Integrity Analysis in Corruption Cases by Head of Local Governments in Indonesia”, 2017 KRI-OPDC Reform Policy Symposium & Research Workshop: Public Sector and Policy Reforms for National Development in ASEAN and Korea – Policy Formation and Implementation, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 27-28 April 2017
  11. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Discretion and Corruption of The Head of Regions in Indonesia”, IAPA International Conference 2016: Towards a Global and Digital Society Exploring the Role of Public Administration: Theory and Practice, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 6-8 October 2016
  12. Kurniawan, Teguh, “The Corrupt of Head of Regions in Indonesia”, Biannual International Conference on Indonesian Politics and Government (BICOIPG) 2015: Directions of Democratic Reforms and Government Effectiveness, Department of Political Science, University of Indonesia, Depok. Indonesia, 2-3 November 2015
  13. Wangsaatmaja, Setiawan and Teguh Kurniawan, “Bureaucratic Reform through Implementation of Admission Selection for Public Servants in Indonesia by using Computer Assissted Test (CAT) for Strengthen the Nation Competitiveness”, 1st KF-KRI Regional Policy Workshop: State Capacity for Public Sector Reform for National Growth, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 24 April 2015
  14. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Internal Government Monitoring (IGM) Systems in Indonesia: A New Model in Arranging IGM Institutions at National and Local Level”, Asian Group on Public Administration (AGPA) Conference 2013, Singapore, 26-28 September 2013
  15. Kurniawan, Teguh, Muh. Azis Muslim and Eko Sakapurnama, “The Challenges and Obstacles in Implementation of Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA’s) in Indonesia: Case Studies From Central and Local Government”, Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration  (EROPA) Conference 2012, Jakarta, 29 October – 1 November 2012
  16. Rahayu, Amy, Rachma Fitriati and Teguh Kurniawan, “Analysis of Doing Business to Promote Quality Improvement in Public Service for Investment Sector (Case Study in Jakarta, Batam, and Yogyakarta)”, EROPA 2012, Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration Conference, Jakarta, 29 October – 1 November 2012
  17. Kurniawan Teguh, “ICT Development and Regional Governments Transparency in Indonesia: Some Issues and Prospects”, EROPA 2011, Eastern Regional Organization for Public Administration, The 23rd General Assembly and Conference, Bangkok, 20-23 February 2012
  18. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Democratic Decentralization and Corruption in Indonesia: Why Decentralization has Caused Head of Regions Affected by Corruption Cases”, the 2011 Conference on Decentralization and Democratization in Southeast Asia, held by the Freiburg Southeast Asia Study Group, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, June 15-17, 2011
  19. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Mewujudkan Otonomi Daerah sebagai Penggerak Pembangunan Bangsa” (Creating the Local Autonomy as Locomotive of Nation Development), Adm Days, Student  of Administrative Sciences Association, University of Indonesia, Depok, 13 October 2009
  20. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Membasmi Korupsi di Birokrasi” (Eradicating Corruption at Bureaucracy), a Public Talk on The Fight against Bureaucratic Corruption, UI-Center for the Study of Governance, 28 May 2009, one of the reportage about this talk could be find at
  21. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial vs Parlementer” (Presidential versus Parliamentary Systems of Government), Badan Kesbang DKI (National Entity Board, Government of Jakarta), Cisarua, 27 May 2009
  22. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Isu dan Masalah dalam Upaya Menggali Potensi Pajak/Retribusi Daerah dari Sektor Informal” (Issues and Problems in the Efforts to Taxing/Charging the Informal Sector by Regional Governments), Seminar “Menggali Potensi Pajak dari PKL di Jakarta dan Bandung: Kesempatan dan Tantangan”, Social Welfare College, Bandung, 21 January 2009
  23. Prasojo, Eko and Teguh Kurniawan, “Reformasi Birokrasi dan Good Governance: Kasus Best Practices dari Sejumlah Daerah” (Bureaucratic Reformation and Good Governance: Best Practices Cases from Several Regions), the 5th International Symposium of Journal Antropologi Indonesia, Banjarmasin, 22-25 July 2008
  24. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Calon Perseorangan di Masa Transisi Pemilihan Kepala Daerah Secara Langsung” (Individual Candidates in the Era of Transition of the Direct Election of Governor/Mayor/Regent), Konferensi “Administrasi Negara”, Postgraduate Program in Public Administration, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, 27-28 June 2008, the proceeding of the conference than published as a book by Graha Ilmu in 2009 with the title “Administrasi Negara: Isu-Isu Kontemporer” (Public Administration: Contemporary Issues), ISBN 978-979-756-501-5
  25. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Penerapan Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Perspektif Administrasi Publik” (The Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): a Public Administration Perspective), Seminar “SEBUMI”, Malaysia National University and University of Indonesia, Depok, 24-25 June 2008
  26. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Perspektif Kelembagaan dalam Strategi Pembangunan Wilayah di Indonesia” (Institutionali Perspective in Indonesian Regional Development Strategy), Seminar “SEBUMI”, Malaysia National University and University of Indonesia, Depok, 24-25 June 2008
  27. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Global Warming: Perspective Politics and Policy”, Diskusi Publik Hizbut Tahrir Kota Depok (Public Discussion of Hizbut Tahrir Depok Chapter), Depok, 30 December 2007
  28. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Penguatan Civil Society di Era Otonomi Daerah” (Strengthening Civil Society in the New Era of Autonomy), Pelatihan Kepemimpinan Nasional KAMMI Pusat (National Leadership Training, KAMMI National Chapter), Cisarua, 23 December 2007
  29. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Mewujudkan Good Governance di Era Otonomi Daerah: Perspektif UU No. 22 Tahun 1999 dan UU No. 32 Tahun 2004” (Forming Good Governance in Local Autonomy Era: From Perspectives of Law No. 22 Year 1999 and Law No. 32 Year 2004 on Regional Government), The 1st Accounting Conference, Faculty of Economic University of Indonesia, Depok, 7-9 November 2007
  30. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Kerangka Kebijakan dalam Bidang Administrasi Umum (Perizinan dan Non Perizinan/Kependudukan): Telaah Kritis Berdasarkan Pendekatan Berbasis Hak” (Policy Framework in General Administration (Permit and Non Permit/Citizenship): Critical Study based on Right Based Approach), Diskusi Isu Administrasi Umum untuk Aktivis LSM Aceh (Discussion on General Administration Issue for NGO Activists in Aceh, Jakarta, 9 February 2007
  31. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Sistem Pengawasan Birokrasi di Era Governance” (Bureaucratic Control System in the New Era of Governance), Lokakarya Sosialisasi Sistem Pengawasan (Workshop on Socialization of Control System), Ministry of Agriculture, 13 December 2006
  32. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Strategi Pengelolaan Kawasan Perkotaan di Indonesia: Kasus Jakarta dan Wilayah Sekitarnya (Sebuah Temuan Awal)” (Urban Management Strategy in Indonesia: Case from Jakarta and Its Surrounding Regions, A Preliminary Findings), Research Days 2006, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences University of Indonesia, Depok 13 September 2006
  33. Presenter, “Sosialisasi Implementasi Kebebasan Berserikat dan Berpendapat bagi Tokoh Masyarakat, Ormas dan LSM di Provinsi DKI Jakarta” (Socialization Forum of the Implementation of Freedom of Speech and Organizer for Community Elites, CSO and NGO in Jakarta), Badan Kesbang DKI (National Entity Board, Government of Jakarta), Cisarua, 24 August 2006
  34. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Pengawasan Kinerja Pemerintahan oleh DPRD: Perspektif Teori” (the Control of Government Performance by Local Legislative: a Theorethical Perspective), Workshop Bimbingan Teknis Bidang Pengawasan DPRD Kota Depok (Workshop on Technical Assistance in Controlling for Local Legislative of the Municipality of Depok), Depok 27 Juli 2006
  35. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Penerapan Kovenan Ecosoc dalam Pemenuhan Hak Pendidikan dan Kesehatan melalui Internalisasi Kovenan Ecosoc dalam Kebijakan Publik di Daerah” (The Implementation of Ecosoc Convention in Fulfilling Educational and Healthy Rights through the Internalisation of Ecosoc Convention in Local Public Policy), Seminar Pemenuhan Hak Pendidikan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat melalui Kovenan Ecosoc (Seminar on Fulfilling Educational and Healthy Rights through Ecosoc Convention), Pattiro Banten, Serang 26 July 2006
  36. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Telaah Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah: Upaya Memperkuat DPRD dalam Pembangunan” (Regional Development Planning Study: Efforts to Enhance the Capacity of Local Legislative in Development)”, Capacity Building for Local Council (Legislative) in Pandeglang, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Carita, 12 May 2006
  37. Kurniawan, Teguh, “Hambatan dan Tantangan dalam Mewujudkan Good Governance melalui Penerapan E-Government di Indonesia” (Obstacles and Challenges in Implementing Good Governance through E-Government in Indonesia), National Conference on Information System 2006, Information Technology Department Pasundan University and Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, 18 February 2006, published as a book Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Sistem Informasi 2006 by Penerbit Informatika, ISBN 979-3338-71-7
  38. Kurniawan, Teguh (team member), “Hasil Pandangan Masyarakat tentang Kinerja Pelayanan Kesehatan di Kabupaten Bulukumba” (Results of People View on The Healthy Services Performance in the Regency of Bulukumba), Workshop Studi Pelayanan Publik yang Melibatkan Partisipasi Rakyat di Kabupaten Bulukumba (Workshop on Public Services that Involving People Participation in the Regency of Bulukumba), Bulukumba, 13 December 2005
  39. Kurniawan, Teguh (team member), “Hasil Pandangan Masyarakat tentang Kinerja Pelayanan Pendidikan di Kota Makassar” (Results of People View on The Educational Services Performance in the Municipality of Makassar), Workshop Studi Pelayanan Publik yang Melibatkan Partisipasi Rakyat di Kota Makassar (Workshop on Public Services that Involving People Participation in the Municipality of Makassar), Makassar, 12 December 2005
  40. Resource Person, “Expert Meeting Penguatan Reformasi Birokrasi Melalui Penggalangan Kesadaran Publik dalam Pengadaan PNS 2005” (Expert Meeting on Strengthen Bureaucracy through Public Awareness Campaign in Civil Service Selection 2005), PIRAC, Jakarta 4 October 2005
  41. Presenter, “Forum Dialogis antara DPRD, Eksekutif dan Civitas Akademika” (Dialog Forum between Legislative, Executive and Civitas Academica), Badan Kesbang DKI (National Entity Board, Government of Jakarta), Cisarua, 22 September 2005
  42. Epakartika and Teguh Kurniawan, “Integrasi Komunikasi Penyelenggaraan Pasar Lelang di Indonesia” (Communication Integration in Indonesian Forward Auction Market), Pertemuan Mitra Praja Utama, Jakarta, 2 December 2004
  43. Kurniawan, Teguh., “Sustainable City Management in Indonesia: Indicators for Developing Sustainable City Policies by Municipality Governments in Indonesia (a Case Study from Municipalities of Depok, Bogor, and Bandung)”, the 5th IRSA (Indonesian Regional Science Association) International Conference on “Regional Development in a Decentralized Era: Public Services, Poverty, and the Environment”, Session 2.C (Agriculture and Sustainable Development), Bandung, July 18-19, 2003

Newspaper Articles

  1. Populasi, Ruang Muka Bumi, dan Infrastruktur Kota (Population, Land Spaces, and Infrastructure of the City), Sinar Harapan (National Newspaper), Saturday, June 28, 2003
  2. Manajemen Transportasi dan Kualitas Udara Jakarta (Transportation Management and Air Quality of Jakarta), Sinar Harapan (National Newspaper), Tuesday, June 24, 2003
  3. Jakarta Kota Partisipatif (Jakarta as a Participative City), Warta Kota (Local National Newspaper), Thursday, May 22, 2003
  4. Otonomi Daerah, Manajemen Lingkungan, dan Masa Depan Kota Yang Berkelanjutan (Local Autonomy, Environmental Management, and the Future of Sustainable City), Sinar Harapan (National Newspaper), Saturday, May 10, 2003